Abstract: Accurate predictions of motor improvement resulting from intensive therapy in chronic stroke patients is a difficult task for clinicians, but is key in prescribing appropriate therapeutic strategies. Statistical methods, including machine learning, are a highly promising avenue with which to improve prediction accuracy in clinical practice. The first main objective of this study was to use machine learning methods to predict a chronic stroke individual’s motor function improvement after 6 weeks of intervention using pre-intervention demographic, clinical, neurophysiological and imaging data. The second main objective was to identify which data elements were most important in predicting chronic stroke patients’ impairment after 6 weeks of intervention. Data from one hundred and two patients (Female: 31%, age 61±11 years) who suffered first ischemic stroke 3-12 months prior were included in this study. After enrollment, patients underwent 6 weeks of intensive motor and transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy.