Abstract: Interferometric spatial frequency modulation for imaging (I-SPIFI) is demonstrated for the first time, to our knowledge. Significantly, this imaging modality can be seamlessly combined with nonlinear SPIFI imaging and operates through single-element detection, making it compatible for use in scattering specimens. Imaging dynamic processes with submicrometer axial resolution through long working distance optics is shown, and high contrast images compared to traditional wide-field microscopy images. Finally, enhanced lateral resolution is achieved in I-SPIFI. To our knowledge, this is the first single platform that enables multimodal linear and nonlinear imaging, with enhanced resolution, all of which can be performed simultaneously.

Authors: Nathan Worts, Jeff Field, Randy Bartels, Jason Jones, Jeff Broderick, and Jeff Squier